Hello, we are team South Africa.
Starting with the Paris Agreement and the efforts of South Africa, today, we would like to introduce the concept of the Paris Agreement first.
What is the Paris Agreement?
The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris, on 12 December 2015 and entered into force on 4 November 2016.
Its goal is to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels.
The efforts implemented by South Africa can be broadly explained in two ways: policies and campaigns.
First of all, the policy can be also divided into two areas. The first is environmental policy. Through environmental policy, South Africa set a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by one-third by 2030, implemented a monitoring system, and imported a 10-year national climate change response strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The next policy implemented is a new and renewable energy policy. South Africa has a relatively high percentage of the renewable energy industry compared to other countries. It is growing mainly from solar power and wind power, and the renewable energy generation capacity is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 7.4% over the next 10 years.
The second effort undertaken by South Africa is several campaigns, two of which are the 'Beat Plastic Pollution' campaign and the 'Bring Your Own Bag' campaign.
The Beat Plastic Pollution campaign adopts plans to make Africa a plastic-free continent and calls for the design of regulations to combat plastic pollution.
The Bring Your Own Bag campaign is a campaign to protect the environment by reducing single-use plastic bags. Retailers and restaurants across South Africa will stop distributing single-use plastic bags.