Shirsha Singh
21 Jun 2022
Views 3

1. Topic: Jindo Miracle Sea Road Festival

2. Writer: WBT3 (English Sub Team Member: Sukanya Roychowdhury)

Jindo Miracle Sea Road Festival

Jindo miracle sea road festival is one of the major festivals in South Korea. Known as Jindo Yeongdeung Festival, before 2005, the name was changed thereafter. [1] Every year between the main Jindo island Hoedong-ri, Gogunmyeon, Uisinmyeon, and Modo Island, for a few days in spring or summer (anywhere from March to May) sea splitting phenomena (sea parting, or crossing the sea) is witnessed by visitors and locals where a narrow pass roughly about 2.8 km and approximately 40m in wide is exposed for about an hour.[2][3][4] Visitors gather one hour prior to witness the event and experience the local celebrations.  

Before the Seaway opens

The festival is also known as Korea's miracle of Moses referring to the biblical reference of the parting of the red sea, and it gained international attention after the French Ambassador to Korea Mr. Pierre Randi's visit in 1975.

Scientific reason

Sea splitting is a phenomenon in which the seabed topography is higher than the surrounding is exposed at low tide and the sea appears to be split. Kevan Moffett, an assistant geoscience professor at the University of Texas at Austin states that this is a result of low tides caused by the tidal harmonics phenomenon. It is the regular repeating tidal patterns over time caused due to some factors that can influence the tides like the movement of the Earth and the moon and Earth's rotation cycle which can result in the variable space between the celestial bodies. These harmonics are of varying amplitude, and amount at different times but occasionally many of the harmonics would be in phase causing extreme tides, in the case of Jindo it's the extreme low tide.[5]

The famous folk tale associated with the festival 

One of the most famous legends of the Jindo Miracle Sea Road is the Story of the Grandmother Ppong. The story describes in the village of Hodong (now known as Hoedong) there lived a grandmother, Ppong. One day to avoid frequent tiger attacks all the villagers fled the village and went to the nearby island, Modo Island. Unfortunately, the grandmother was unable to escape and was all alone. Every day the grandmother prayed to be united with her family to the dragon king. One day in her dream the dragon king appeared and promised to grant her wish and left with saying for her to cross the sea via a rainbow that he would prepare for her between the two islands. As per the dragon king's instruction, she left for the beach and sat down to pray and a road did appear in front of her between Hodong and Modo. She started to cross the road and upon seeing the road the villagers also tried to cross over to find the grandmother carrying gongs and Kkwaenggwari (small gong) and drums. However, the road was too long for the grandmother to cross over and she fell down running out of breath. But before she passed away, she could see her family to which she happily said that the prayer has opened the road and led her to her family and she didn't regret anything anymore.[2][6][4]

Statue of Grandmother Ppong

Thereafter, customs were followed on the sea road to offer prayers and wishes for good produce, health, family, good harvest, and other wishes. The people from Hoedong and Modo Island gather and have a feast, share food and also catch fish, clams, and octopus when the road appears.[7]

The legend is written on a stone near the shore in three languages and on the beach shrine, one can see a portrait of Grandmother Ppong looking towards the miracle sea road when the shrine doors are open. This portrait was made by an Oriental portrait born in Jindo.  At the start of the sea road, a statue of Grandmother Ppong with a tiger was resurrected in 2000.[7][8]

Events/ Programs during the festival[7][2][4]

The programs are divided into three main categories: Theme and Performances programs, Participatory and Experience programs, and Global programs. Under each category, there are several events such as Sea road experience, Dawn Torch Parade, Drum and Dance Parade, Nongak Performance, Folk performance, boat parade, water motorcycle parade, water screen multimedia show, K-pop performances, etc.

Jindo Sea road

Women collecting Sea produce

Awards received by the festival [7][2][9][10]

Number/YearDuration (days)Number of tourists (persons) (total=15,836,674)Foreigners (total=1,067,410)AwardsParticipation
42nd /20214.27~4.29 (3 days)--Honorary Culture and Tourism FestivalOnline
41st /20193.21~3.24 (4 days)535,55827,527
40th /20185.16~5.19

(4 days)

529,19051,860Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)

39th /20174.26~4.29 (4 days)520,54051,412Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)

38th /20164.7~4.10 (4 days)590,75085,392Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)

37th /20153.20~3.23

(4 days)

612,87586,462Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)

36th /20143.30~4.02

(4 days)

578,96582,356Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)

35th /20134.25~4.28

(4 days)

513,04075,170Korea Excellent Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)

34th /20124.7~4.9 (3 days)473.10047,600Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)

33rd /20103.30~4.1

(3 days)

440,90024,690Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)



32nd /20094.25~4.27

(3 days)

687,35051,950Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)



31st /20085.5~5.7

(3 days)

1,020,00054,000Korea's Best Festival

(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism)

30th /20074.17~4.19

(3 days)

1,010,00030,000Korea Promising Festival (Ministry of Culture and Sports)
29th /20068.10~8.12

(3 days)

1,08,000250,000Korea Promising Festival

(Ministry of Culture and Sports)

28th /20057.22~7.24

(3 days)


Festival at any time in May 20053.10~3.11

(2 days)


Festival at any time in March 20055.24~5.25

(2 days)


27th /20045.5~5.7

(3 days)


26th /20034.17~4.19

(3 days)

520,00035,000Excellent local festival

(Ministry of Culture and Sports)

25th /20024.27~4.29

(3 days)

420,00013,000Excellent local festival

(Ministry of Culture and Sports)

24th /20015.23~5.25

(3 days)


23rd /20005.4~5.6

(3 days)


22nd /19994.16~4.18

(3 days)

334.2005,200Top 10 National Nurturing Festivals

(Ministry of Culture and Sports)

21th /19984.23~4.25

(3 days)


20th /19974.7~4.9

(3 days)

207,07084710 major regional festivals

(Ministry of Culture and Sports)

19th /19965.3~5.5

(3 days)


18th /19954.15~4.17

(3 days)


17th /19944.25~4.27 (3 days)300,000

16th /19934.7~4.8

(2 days)


15th /19927.1~2

(2 days)


14th /19915.14~5.16

(3 days)


13th /19904.26

(1 day)


12th /19894.7

(1 day)


11th /19884.16

(1 day)



(1 day)


9th / 19864.25

(1 day)


8th /19854.6

(1 day)


7th /19844.17

(1 day)


6th /19834.15

(1 day)


5th /19824.24

(1 day)


4th / 19814.6

(1 day)


3rd / 19804.15

(1 day)


2nd /19793.28

(1 day)


1st / 19784.15

(1 day)



Impact of the festival on the economy

The festive contributes to Jindo's economic growth. In1978 when the festival started annually with 10,000 tourists and no foreign visitors there were no entry fees or charges to participate in the festival but as the numbers grew every year a pay was placed. Despite the low fee, with huge footfall it bought in a lot of funds. Jindo sea road festival is a case of promotion of ecotourism as it is inclusive of nature, natural phenomenon and indigenous culture.[7][2][11]

Impact of Covid-19 on the festival

Jindo annual festival was canceled in the year 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic to prevent the spreading of the virus and also to maintain the pandemic protocol guideline.[12][13][14] Due to the prolonged pandemic, the 42nd Jindo Miracle Sea Road Festival in 2021 was held online, and to support the local merchants, facilities were made to sell Jindo's local specialties online.[2][14]


  1. ^ "진도 신비의 바닷길 축제 - 디지털진도문화대전". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f "진도군청". (in Korean). Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  3. ^ "국립해양조사원". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b c "Imagine your Korea". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  5. ^ "Jindo Sea Parting: Science Behind the 'Magic'". Science. 2013-04-27. Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  6. ^ "". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Service (KOCIS), Korean Culture and Information. "Jindo Island: Cradle of Korean folk and performing arts : : The official website of the Republic of Korea". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  8. ^ "Origin : jindo english homepage". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  9. ^ "축제연혁 : 진도군 관광문화". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  10. ^ "History : jindo english homepage". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  11. ^ An, Tai- Gi; Shin, Lim-Soo (2020-05-23). "A Study on the Relationship and Influence Between Motivation and Satisfaction of Ecotourism Visitors Based on IOT". Research in World Economy. 11 (2): 159. doi:10.5430/rwe.v11n2p159. ISSN 1923-399X. S2CID 219448237.
  12. ^ KDCA. "KDCA". KDCA. Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  13. ^ "Ministry of health and welfare". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  14. ^ Jump up to:a b Eun-byel, Im (2021-04-07). "[Travel Bits] Festivals, sights across Korea". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2022-02-24.

13 May 2022
Views 10


टेटोकबोक्की (떡볶이 ), या सिमर्ड राइस केक, छोटे आकार के गारे-टेटोक (लंबे, सफेद, सिलेंडर के आकार के चावल के केक) से बना एक लोकप्रिय कोरियाई भोजन है, जिसे टेटोकमीओन (떡면; "चावल केक नूडल्स") या आमतौर पर टीटोकबोक्की-टेटोक कहा जाता है। (떡볶이 ; "टेटोकोबोक्की राइस केक")।इओमुकी (मछली केक), उबले अंडे, और स्कैलियन कुछ सामान्य सामग्री हैं जिन्हें व्यंजनों में टेटोकोबोक्की के साथ जोड़ा जाता है। इसे मसालेदार गूचुजंग (मिर्च पेस्ट) या गैर-मसालेदार गंजंग (सोया सॉस) आधारित सॉस के साथ सीज़न किया जा सकता है; पहला सबसे आम रूप है, जबकि बाद वाला कम आम है और कभी-कभी इसे गुंगजंग-टेटोकबोक्की (रॉयल कोर्ट तेटोकबोक्की) भी कहा जाता है।

आज, विविधताओं में करी-टेटोकोबोक्की, क्रीम सॉस-टेटोकोबोक्की, जजंग-टेटोकोबोक्की, सीफूड-टेटोकोबोक्की, गुलाब-टेटोकोबोक्की, गल्बी-टेटोकबोक्की और इसी तरह शामिल हैं। ट्टोकबोक्की आमतौर पर बन्सिकजिप (स्नैक बार) के साथ-साथ पोजंगमाचा (स्ट्रीट स्टॉल) पर खरीदी और खाई जाती है। टेटोकबोक्की के लिए समर्पित रेस्तरां भी हैं, जहां इसे ज्यूकसेओक टीटोकबोक्की (इम्प्रोमेप्टु टेटोकबोक्की) के रूप में जाना जाता है। यह एक लोकप्रिय घरेलू व्यंजन भी है, क्योंकि चावल के केक (गारे-टेटोक) को पहले से पैक, अर्ध-निर्जलित रूप में खरीदा जा सकता है।


टेटोक-बोक्की पर पहला रिकॉर्ड 19वीं सदी की रसोई की किताब, सिउइजेन्सियो में दिखाई देता है, जहां व्यंजन को पुरातन वर्तनी स्टीकबोकगी (복기) का उपयोग करके सूचीबद्ध किया गया था।पुस्तक के अनुसार, टेटोक-बोक्की को विभिन्न नामों से जाना जाता था, जिसमें तेटोकजजिम (स्टीम्ड राइस केक), टीटोक-जपचा (हलचल-तले हुए चावल केक), और टीटोक-जेओंगोल (चावल केक हॉट पॉट) शामिल हैं। शाही दरबार संस्करण सफेद टीटोक (राइस केक), सिरोलिन, तिल का तेल, सोया सॉस, स्कैलियन, रॉक ट्रिप, पाइन नट्स, और टोस्ट और पिसे हुए तिल से बनाया गया था, जबकि दिलकश, सोया सॉस-आधारित टीटोक-बोक्की बनाया गया था। पपीयोंग यूं कबीले के मुखिया के घर में, जहां उच्च गुणवत्ता वाली सोया सॉस बनाई जाती थी। इस संस्करण में, छोटी पसलियों जैसी सामग्री आम थी। टेटोक-बोक्की नाम जोसियन योरी जेबोप के संशोधित और बढ़े हुए संस्करण में भी दिखाई देता है, जहां इसे सोया सॉस-आधारित स्वादिष्ट व्यंजन के रूप में वर्णित किया गया है। ऐसा माना जाता है कि गोचुजंग-आधारित सॉस के साथ बनाया गया टीटोक-बोक्की का मसालेदार संस्करण पहली बार 1953 में सामने आया था। जब मा बोक-लिम ने कोरियाई-चीनी रेस्तरां के उद्घाटन में भाग लिया, तो उसने गलती से टीटोक, या चावल केक गिरा दिया, जो था जजंगम्यों में उद्घाटन के दौरान सौंपे गए। यह महसूस करते हुए कि इसका स्वाद अच्छा है, उसने कोरियाई चिली सॉस, गोचुजंग में टीटोक को सीज़न करने का विचार विकसित किया। उसके बाद, उसने इसे सिंधांग में बेचना शुरू कर दिया, जो अब टीटोक-बोक्की का सबसे आम प्रकार बन गया है। नतीजतन, सिंधांग जिला अब टेटोक-बोकी के लिए प्रसिद्ध है।

आज, बन्सिकजिप (स्नैक बार) और पोजंगमाचा (स्ट्रीट स्टॉल) में खरीदे और खाए जाने वाले ठेठ टीटोक-बोक्की लाल और मसालेदार होते हैं, जबकि सोया सॉस-आधारित, गैर-मसालेदार संस्करण को गुंगजंग-टेटोक-बोक्की (궁중떡볶이 ; "रॉयल कोर्ट टेटोकोबोक्की")। दक्षिण कोरियाई अर्थव्यवस्था के विकसित होने के साथ-साथ राइस टीटेक की लोकप्रियता बढ़ी और तब से पकवान के विभिन्न संस्करणों का प्रसार हुआ है। चूंकि यह कभी एक श्रमिक वर्ग का व्यंजन था, इसलिए अक्सर चावल के टीटोक के लिए गेहूं के टीटोक को प्रतिस्थापित किया जाता था । 


अन्य लोकप्रिय कोरियाई व्यंजनों की तरह, टीटोक-बोक्की में कई विविधताएं और फ्यूजन देखे गए हैं। उबले अंडे और तले हुए मांडू (पकौड़ी) पारंपरिक रूप से टेटोक-बोक्की में जोड़े जाते थे। सीफूड, शॉर्ट रिब्स, इंस्टेंट नूडल्स, च्यूई नूडल्स जैसी सामग्री भी डिश में आम जोड़ हैं।

अतिरिक्त सामग्री के आधार पर बदलाव

*हैमुल-टेटोक-बोक्की, (해물떡볶이 ; "समुद्री भोजन tteok-bokki") समुद्री भोजन को इसके माध्यमिक घटक के रूप में पेश करता है।

* गल्बी-टेटोक-बोक्की (갈비떡볶이 ; "शॉर्ट रिब टीटेक-बोक्की") में छोटी पसलियों को इसके माध्यमिक घटक के रूप में दिखाया गया है।

*रा-बोक्की (라볶이 ; "तत्काल नूडल टीटोक-बोक्की") और जोल-बोक्की (쫄볶이 ; "च्यूवी नूडल टीटोक-बोक्की") समान रूप हैं जो नूडल्स को टीटोक-बोक्की में जोड़ते हैं। रा-बोक्की में रेमन (रेमन) नूडल्स मिलाते हैं, और जोल-बोक्की में च्यूई जॉल्मायोन व्हीट नूडल्स मिलाते हैं। 


 जेओंगोल (हॉट पॉट)-टाइप टीटोक-बोक्की को ज्यूकसेओक-टेटोक-बोक्की (즉석떡볶이; "ऑन-द-स्पॉट टीटोक-बोक्की") कहा जाता है, और भोजन के दौरान टेबल-टॉप स्टोव पर उबाला जाता है। ज्यूकसेओक-टेटेओक-बोक्की रेस्तरां में कई तरह के अतिरिक्त, जैसे सब्जियां, मांडू (पकौड़ी), और रेमियोन या उडोंग नूडल्स उपलब्ध हैं। चूंकि

ज्यूकसेओक-टेटोक-बोक्की आमतौर पर नाश्ते के बजाय एक भोजन है, इसे अक्सर बोक्केम-बाप (तले हुए चावल) के साथ जोड़ा जाता है।सियोल के सिंधांग-डोंग में स्थित मा बोक-रिम त्तेओकबोक्की, ज्यूकसेओक टीटोक-बोक्की का उद्गम स्थल है। यह इतना लोकप्रिय है कि यह नेटफ्लिक्स के "समबडी फीड फिल" के "सियोल" एपिसोड में भी दिखाई देता है।

सॉस के आधार पर भिन्नता

*गोचुजंग तेटोक-बोक्की

पिक्वेंट, लाल गोचुजंग-आधारित टीटोक-बोक्की कोरिया के सबसे लोकप्रिय स्नैक्स में से एक है। जबकि दोनों सूप-शैली गंगमुल-टेटोक-बोक्की (국물떡볶이 ; "सूप टीटोक-बोक्की") और सूखी गिरम-टेटोक-बोक्की (기름떡볶이 ; "तेल टीटोक-बोक्की") का आमतौर पर आनंद लिया जाता है, पूर्व को वास्तविक माना जाता है मानक शैली। गंगमुल-टेटोक-बोक्की में, केल्प-एंकोवी स्टॉक का इस्तेमाल अक्सर दिलकश स्वाद लाने के लिए किया जाता है। गूचुगरू (मिर्च पाउडर) को अक्सर अतिरिक्त गर्मी और रंग के लिए जोड़ा जाता है, जबकि मुलियेट (चावल की चाशनी) मिठास और स्थिरता के साथ मदद करता है। Eomuk (मछली केक), उबले अंडे, और तिरछे कटा हुआ स्कैलियन पकवान में आम जोड़ हैं। गिरुम-टेटोक-बोक्की में, गोचुगरू (고춧가루; "कोरियाई मिर्च पाउडर"), सोया सॉस, चीनी या सिरप और तिल के तेल का मिश्रण अक्सर गोचुजंग (मिर्च पेस्ट) की जगह लेता है। सॉफ्ट टीटोक स्टिक्स को सॉस के मिश्रण के साथ सीज किया जाता है, फिर कुकिंग ऑयल में मुट्ठी भर कटे हुए स्कैलियन के साथ स्टिर-फ्राई किया जाता है और परोसा जाता है। जोंगनो, सियोल में टोंगिन मार्केट अपने गिरुम-टेटोक-बोक्की के लिए प्रसिद्ध है।

*गिरुम और ग्यारन तेटोक-बोक्की

गिरुम तेटोक-बोक्की (기름떡볶이 ; "तेल टीटोक-बोक्की") एक प्रकार की टीटोक-बोक्की है जिसे तेल में हलचल-तला हुआ है और बहुत कम या बिना सॉस के साथ परोसा जाता है।

ग्यारन टीटोक-बोक्की (계란떡볶이 ; "एग टीटेक-बोक्की") एक और भिन्नता है जिसमें कोई सॉस नहीं है। केवल टीटोक (चावल केक), अंडे, सब्जियां और मसाला (मुख्य रूप से नमक) का उपयोग किया जाता है। यह गीरियम टीटोक-बोक्की से अलग है कि यह मसालेदार नहीं है।

Soumi Pathak
9 May 2022
Views 9

* Topic: Jeju Fire Festival (제주들불축제)

* Writer: West Bengal Team 4: Members- (Soumi, Tithi, Srotoswini, Torsa)


Jeju Fire Festival (제주들불축제)

During the first full moon after the lunar New Year in the Korean calendar, for three days in each year, there is a Fire Festival held in Jeju Island (제주도) . The Fire Festival is called Jeongwol Daeboruem Fire festival (제주들불축제), which is celebrated as a very unique holiday in Korea. (1)

Jeongwol Daeboreum is a ceremony to pray for good health and an abundant harvest for the year. An anticipated event which is attended not only by the residents of Jeju but also by people across Korea and international tourists as well, as the event is filled with fun, traditional games, food, and cultural activities which are held in the natural beauty of Jeju Island.

• Origin:

The Jeju Fire Festival is said to be a festival that has the traditional culture and modern developed culture intertwined into a harmony for the sake of sensibility in the environment by removing pests and old grass. This traditional festival has the interesting cattle culture as a source of the festival, called Bangae (방애). Through this festival, the culture of Bangae has been introduced to the foreigners as well. (2)

Bangae is a tradition to set fire in the fields between late winter and early spring of each village. This is to get rid of old grass and pests in the grassland area amidst the mountains for grazing of cattle and horses.(2)

• History:

This festival started as the ‘Jeongwol Daeboreum Fire Festival’ in 1997. It changed to its current name (제주들불축제) from the 16th in 2013. It is held every year at Saebyeol Oreum (새별오름) on the weekend. (3)

Saebyeol Oreum (새별오름) The main festival site:

Jeju Fire festival has been taking place between Naepeup-ri, Aewol-eup, Jeju-si, and Deokcheon-ri, Gujwa-eup since 1997. From 2000, Saebyeol Oreum (새별오름) has been chosen as the main festival site. Saebyeol Oreum is the most famous volcanic cone in the West among the populated mountainous volcanic cones in the western part of which there are many volcanic cones such as Barimeoreum, Nuunoreum, Dangoreum, and Geumoreum. (3).Saebyeol Oreum is called by this name because as per the Korean Folklore the name means 'shines like the morning star in the evening sky'. The extended view of Saebyeol Oreum emerges as the only unique area in the midst of Jeju mountainous areas. Saebyeol Oreum, with an elevation of 519.3m, height of 119m, circumference of 2713m, and area of 522,216m2, stands like a horseshoe-shaped crater and is the medium scale among the 360 oreums (오름) on Jeju Island. (4)

• Events at the Fire Festival:

The main event of the Fire festival begins with a torch relay, which moves across the length of the island. The relay ends when organizers set ablaze a huge, 82-acres field of oreum (오름) which is a parasitic volcano.

Every year the Jeju Fire Festival organizers plan for different events to make this festival fun and attractive. The main highlights include the Fortune Pig and Duck Contest, in which participants chase pigs and ducks toward the finish line; tourists also get to see traditional Korean jump roping; attaching a wish paper to a pheasant and setting it free; and the deumdol competition, in which contestants carry a 130-kilogram circular stone as far as they can. Long ago on Jeju Island, the deumdol competition was a traditional ceremony to mark adulthood. The competition is open to visitors, island residents, and town representatives. There are different weight categories for this competition. (5)

• Main attractions of this festival:

1.Burning the moon house:

This festival’s main attraction is the burning of the daljip (달집태우기) During this festival, participants built daljip (Kor. 달집, or moon house), a large bonfire structure, with fresh branches of a pine tree and other logs, and set it on fire with the rise of the full moon, praying for fortune and prevention from evil. (6) Other than these fire-related ceremonies, many outdoor activities are offered to visitors, helping them to enjoy the beautiful natural surroundings of Jeju Island, such as horseback riding, trekking and flying kites. There are also additional attractions such as the ‘spinning-can event’ (children spin blazing cans), the laser show, and the fireworks show in the evening sky. (7)


Jwibulnori (Korean: 쥐불놀이) is a Korean game in which participants create streaks of light by swinging cans filled with burning items. The game is played during the first full moon of the year in the lunar calendar, which is a national holiday in Korea. It is played during the time when fires are started on farmlands to exterminate harmful insects and rats by burning away their habitat. Another purpose of the game is to wish for good health. (8)

• Special food for this festival:

During Daeboreum, the most famous food tradition is eating Bureom (부럼). On the morning of Jeongwol Daeboreum, Bureom is eaten usually. This is a mixture of nuts including walnuts, peanuts, chestnuts, and ginggko nuts. The nuts are presented with their shells intact, as Koreans crack the shells with their teeth. This ritual is said to promote healthy teeth and prevent skin boils, as well as brings good luck. Although traditionally Koreans are meant to crack a number of nuts equal to their age (so a 25-year -old would need to crack 25 nuts), people now normally only crack two or three nuts open. (9)

Traditional breakfast food at Jeongwol Daeboreum occasion is seasoned vegetables (such as eggplant, mushrooms, and squash) and Ogokbap (오곡밥), which translates to ‘five-grain rice’. This is five types of grains, cooked and mixed together with dried herbs. Koreans often cook this early, so that they can share their dishes with friends and neighbors, as it’s believed that this will bring prosperity in the coming year. (10)

The main beverage of this ceremony is Gwibalgisul, which means ‘ear-sharpening wine’. Gwibalgisul is also known under Sino-Korean names including imyeongju and ichongju. This is a shot of chilled rice liquor, and drinking it is believed to sharpen your hearing and bring good news to your ears all year. Although younger generation don’t tend to drink the shot, parents will often dab a drop of liquor on their lips to include them in the custom. (11)

• 2022 Jeju Fire Festival:

Post Covid-19 The 24th Jeju Fire Festival was supposed to be held between 18th March 2022 to 20th March 2022. However, this year the festival has been cancelled to mourn over the situation in which the Uljin wildfire has spread into a national disaster and to share the pain of the national wildfire disaster. (12)

•Awards and excellence:

The Jeju Fire Festival was selected by the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism, and got awarded by the title of a promising festival for eight consecutive years from 2006 to 2014, an excellent festival for four consecutive years from 2015 to 2018, and the best festival in 2019. (13)















Soumi Pathak
9 May 2022
Views 10

* Topic: Hwacheon Sancheoneo Ice Festival


* Writer: West Bengal Team 4: Members- (Srotoswini, Tithi, Soumi, Torsa)


Hwacheon Sancheoneo Ice Festival 


For centuries, one of the indispensable part of the Korean culture has been fishing. This can be clearly observed by the huge variety of popular seafood delicacies available throughout the country. One of the major hotspots for fishing enthusiasts is the Gangwon-do Province, where over a dozen fishing villages are present. So even the sub-zero temperatures of December to March, with frozen lakes and water bodies could not stop fishing lovers as they found a new pastime in ice-fishing. [1] Every January,

Hwacheon-gun (화천군), a quaint part of the Gangwon-do Province gathers millions of visitors, both local and international even at a temperature as low as minus ten degree Celsius.[2][3] This is because the Hwacheon Sancheoneo Ice Festival is held there every year, which has been titled as the world's four major winter festivals. This festival even has its own brand slogan, as "Hwacheon, Korea's No. 1 winter festival."[2]

• History:

Every winter, as the Hwacheoncheon Stream, located in Hwacheon-gun, Gangwon-do freezes completely, it becomes the premise for this popular festival. The highlights of this event include carving holes in the ice and fishing for Sancheoneo (산천어) (Masou salmon), which gave the festival its name. [4] Sancheoneo, also known as ‘queen of valley’ is a very pretty and nutritious fish, which has various health benefits especially for high blood pressure. This native fish is a fresh water salmoniformes salmonidae fish, which is known to be found only in the cleanest and freshest of waters. [5]

• Origin:

This fun filled festival was launched in 2003 and since then it has now become the most popular winter festival in South Korea. in 2007, the Hwacheon Sancheoneo Ice Festival gained popularity and was selected as an up-and coming festival, and in 2008 it was chosen as the excellent festival. After that since 2010, for four consecutive years this festival won the title of the best festival. In 2011 it was even introduced by CNN as one of the "Seven Winter Wonders" following which the festival saw a surge in international visitors. [2][6][7] Since 2014, the title of "Korea's premier festival" has been given to the Hwacheon Sancheoneo Ice Festival for the fifth consecutive year. In 2019, the festival saws over 130,000 international visitors. As a premier festival for five consecutive years, since 2019 the Ice Festival has been selected as a "global promotion festival" by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. [2]

• Main attraction:

The main attraction of the Hwacheon Sancheoneo Ice Festival is the Sancheoneo fishing, which is usually can be done by directly ice fishing on the frozen stream, lure fishing in the flowing waters, or by bare-hand fishing in a pool.[4] The visitors are allowed to catch up to three fish. [1] If someone fails to catch fish in the daytime, they can also opt for night time fishing. [2] After catching fish, it is collected in a bucket near the exit so that a massive outdoor barbeque can be arranged. [1] A designated spot is maintained for cooking the fish and eating, where people enjoy both roasted or sliced raw trout.[6] Hand fishing is also very popular among the locals, where people go down in the freezing waters to catch fish directly with their hands. [1]

• Famous activities:

Besides fishing, a core part of the Hwacheon Sancheoneo Ice Festival are Snow and ice activities like ice sledging, ice soccer, curling, bobsleigh, winter trekking, creative sled contest etc. [2][4] Beside all these, for the adventure loving visitors, a zipline is set up over the frozen waters. [4] The excitement of the festival can be felt and observed all-over the town of Hwacheon. Even before the start of the festival, the entire area is beautifully decorated by Sancheoneo-shaped lanterns made from hanji paper, and the beautiful displays of LED lights at the Lantern Street Festival and light tunnels. [2][4] Beside this the Hwacheoneo Cinema displays the world’s largest indoor ice sculpture plaza, by displaying intricately designed large-scale ice sculptures. [4] Other parts of the festivities include set ups of traditional Korean folk games and a photo zone, food stalls selling fish items, both raw and fried, tteokbokki (stir-fried rice cake), fish cakes, and other sweet and savoury fritters etc. [4]

• Reference:

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Shirsha Singh
2 May 2022
Views 2

1. Topic: Hanbok (हानबोक)

2. Writer: WBT3 (Hindi Sub Team 2: Suparna, Vaishali, Ritoja, Shirsha)

3. Short Explanation: We created a Wikipedia page on 'Hanbok' in Hindi. The hanbok (in South Korea) or Chosŏn-ot (in North Korea) is the traditional Korean clothes. The term "hanbok" literally means "Korean clothing". The hanbok can be traced back to the Three Kingdoms of Korea period (1st century BC–7th century AD), with roots in the peoples of what is now northern Korea and Manchuria. Early forms of hanbok can be seen in the art of Goguryeo tomb murals in the same period, with the earliest mural paintings dating to the 5th century. From this time, the basic structure of the hanbok consisted of the jeogori jacket, baji pants, chima skirt, and the po coat. The basic structure of hanbok was designed to facilitate ease of movement and integrated many motifs of shamanistic nature. These basic structural features of the hanbok remain relatively unchanged to this day. However, present days hanbok which is worn nowadays is patterned after the hanbok worn in the Joseon dynasty.

4. Link: Hanbok (हानबोक)

Shirsha Singh
1 May 2022
Views 5

1. Topic: Korean currency (कोरियाई मुद्रा)

2. Writer: WBT3 (Hindi Sub Team 1: Sanskriti, Bharti, Nisha, Nikhil)

3. Short Explanation: We created a Wikipedia page on 'Korean currency' in Hindi. Korean currency dates back as far as the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392) when the first coins were minted. The coins, cast in both bronze and iron, were called tongbo and jungbo. Additionally, silver vases called ŭnbyŏng were widely used and circulated as a currency among the aristocracy of Goryeo. It was not until the beginning of the Joseon period that copper coins called mun were minted for wide circulation. Jeohwa (저화), which was made of standardized mulberry-bark paper early in the Joseon period, become the first legal paper money and was used as a medium of exchange in place of coins until it disappeared in the early 16th century. 

4. Link: Korean currency (कोरियाई मुद्रा)

Shirsha Singh
1 May 2022
Views 8

1. Topic: Gwangju Uprising (ग्वांगजू विद्रोह)

2. Writer: WBT3 (Hindi Team 2: Shirsha, Ritoja, Vaishali, Suparna)

3. Short Explanation: We created a Wikipedia page on 'Gwangju Uprising' in Hindi. The Gwangju Uprising was a popular uprising in the city of Gwangju, South Korea, from May 18 to May 27, 1980, which pitted local, armed citizens against soldiers and police of the South Korean government. The event is sometimes called 5·18 (May 18; Korean: 오일팔), in reference to the date the movement began. The uprising is also known as the Gwangju Democratization Struggle, the Gwangju Massacre, the May 18 Democratic Uprising, or the May 18 Gwangju Democratization Movement.

4. Link: Gwangju Uprising (ग्वांगजू विद्रोह)

Shirsha Singh
28 Apr 2022
Views 6

1. Topic: Korean mythology (কোরিয়ান পুরাকথা)

2. Writer: WBT3 ( Bengali Sub Team 1: Susmita, Rupam, Adrija, Debanjana)

3. Short Explanation: We created a Wikipedia page on 'Korean mythology' in Bengali. Korean mythology is the group of myths told by historical and modern Koreans. There are two types: the written, literary mythology in traditional histories, mostly about the founding monarchs of various historical kingdoms, and the much larger and more diverse oral mythology, mostly narratives sung by shamans or priestesses (mansin) in rituals invoking the gods and which are still considered sacred today. 

4. Link: Korean mythology (কোরিয়ান পুরাকথা)  

Shirsha Singh
28 Apr 2022
Views 7

1. Topic: Korean shamanism (কোরিয়ান শামানবাদ)

2. Writer: WBT3 (Bengali Sub Team 2: Sreetama, Susmita, Sayantika)

3. Short Explanation: We created a Wikipedia page on 'Korean shamanism' in Bengali. Korean shamanism or Korean folk religion is an animistic ethnic religion of Korea that dates back to prehistory and consists of the worship of gods (신 shin) and ancestors (조상 josang) as well as nature spirits. Hanja: 巫俗; musog or musok), the term Muism (Hangul:무속신앙; musok shinang) is also used. Korean shamanism has been influenced by Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. 

4. Link: Korean shamanism (কোরিয়ান শামানবাদ) 

Shirsha Singh
26 Apr 2022
Views 5

1. Topic: Korean painting (कोरियाई चित्रकला)

2. Writer: WBT3 (Hindi Sub Team 1: Nisha, Nikhil, Bharti, Sankriti)

3. Short Explanation: We created a Wikipedia page on 'Korean painting' in Hindi. Korean painting includes paintings made in Korea or by overseas Koreans on all surfaces. The earliest surviving Korean paintings are murals in the Goguryeo tombs, of which considerable numbers survive, the oldest from some 2,000 years ago (mostly now in North Korea), with varied scenes including dancers, hunting, and spirits. 

4. Link: Korean painting (कोरियाई चित्रकला)